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Download PDF Integrated Product and Process Design and Development : The Product Realization Process Second Edition by Edward B. Magrab


The process of creating and making artifacts has been around since the beginning of humankind. It was first applied to the creation of implements for survival: weapons, shelters, clothing, and farming. These implements were improved upon with the appearance of such inventions as fire, the wheel, and steel, and as time went on they became more substantial and more sophisticated. As societies evolved, so did their needs and the artifacts that were required to satisfy those needs. In addition, many societies evolved from being local societies to being regional ones, simultaneously transforming their local economies into regional ones. In the beginning, these transformations took hundreds to thousands of years. Since the start of the industrial revolution about 300 years ago, the pace of development and improvement of devices and artifacts has increased dramatically. During this period of time we have seen companies grow from local entities to global entities, and we have seen in the industrialized nations the economies transition for national economies to interdependent global economies. This has been particularly true in the last half of the twentieth century.

This transformation from primarily local societies to ones that must now compete globally has had a very substantial influence on the product realization process. It is an environment in which one must compete on cost, quality, performance, and time-to-market on a worldwide basis. This requires individuals and companies to reexamine how they go about creating products and services and how these products and services can be brought to the marketplace. During the last 30 years it has become clear that the way to do this is through an integrated approach to the product realization process. This approach tends to do the following: “flatten” organizational structures; involve many more constituencies in the process at the very beginning; place greater emphasis on the customer, product quality, cost, and time-to-market; use a large amount

  1. Product Development at the Beginning of the Twenty-First Century
  2. The Integrated Product and Process Design and Development Team Method
  3. Product Cost Analysis
  4. Translating Customer Requirements into a Product Design Specification
  5. Product Functional Requirements and Functional Decomposition
  6. Product Concepts and Embodiments
  7. Design for Assembly and Disassembly
  8. Material Selection
  9. Manufacturing Processes and Design
  10. Design for “X”
  11. Product and Process Improvement
  12. Material Properties and the Relative Cost of Raw Materials

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